Joint work with René Schwonnek, Koon Tong Goh, Ignatius W. Primaatmaja, Ernest Y.-Z. Tan, Valerio Scarani, and Charles C.-W. Lim
Device-independent quantum key distribution (DIQKD) is the art of using untrusted devices to distribute secret keys in an insecure network. It thus represents the ultimate form of cryptography, offering not only information-theoretic security against channel attacks, but also against attacks exploiting implementation loopholes. In recent years, much progress has been made towards realising the first DIQKD experiments, but current proposals are just out of reach of today’s loophole-free Bell experiments. In this work, we close the gap between the theory and practice of DIQKD with a simple variant of the original protocol based on the celebrated Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) Bell inequality. In using two randomly chosen key generating bases instead of one, we show that the noise tolerance of DIQKD can be significantly improved. In particular, the extended feasibility region now covers some of the most recent loophole-free CHSH experiments, hence indicating that the first realisation of DIQKD already lies within the range of these experiments.